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What is Technology?

okay let's go now the topic of today's

lesson is advances in science and

technology so what is technology here

are some definitions technology is the

application of knowledge towards

innovation second definition technology

is the practical application of

knowledge in a particular area next

technology is a consequence of Science

and Technology and engineering a

consequence meaning a result okay

technology is how people modify the

natural world to suit their own purposes

the verb modify means change or readjust

okay here are examples of innovations

that have affected modern man's life now

see how many of them you can identify

and name first innovation next okay

third innovation so see if you can

identify and name these innovations next

one here is one more and innovation five

this is set one now let's move to set -

okay - okay next innovation alright see

if you can name and identify these

devices next next one

and the last one this is set to okay

let's check your answers set one okay

this is a cellular phone a cellular

phone next is a laptop computer a laptop

computer next one is a remote control I

removed control this is a satellite dish

a satellite dish next this is a

satellite TV receiver a satellite TV

receiver next one of course this is the

internet the internet set to this is an

electronic microscope and electronic

microscope next one this is a

communication satellite a communication

satellite next this is a Space Shuttle

Space Shuttle hmm yes this is a robot a

robot a robot good this is a highway a

highway next is our fiber optics fiber

optics okay this is reading text the

title is technological breakthroughs

create the title of the reading taxis

technological breakthroughs breakthrough

means our development or achievement or

a special performance in science and

technology and this is the text please

just look just look at the text this is

the first paragraph this is

second paragraph of the text this is

paragraph three paragraph four paragraph

five and paragraph six now as you can

see it is a six paragraph text now for

the moment we're going to to focus on

the first reading task that's reading

task number one it says survey the text

and write down the names of the

technological devices that are mentioned

in it now going to look over the text in

a general way meaning survey the text

and your the task is to name the devices

that are mentioned in this text okay so

let's look at first paragraph again the

reading text the title is technological

breakthroughs now here is the first

paragraph so please don't read the whole

paragraph just look at the highlighted

words in it in the paragraph that is to

say have a look at the words typed in

red okay first one is the Internet and

the next expression is cellular phones

remember you're going to name are the

devices that are mentioned in this text

so far for the first paragraph now

second paragraph again please we're just

surveying the text we're not reading the

text in detail we're just looking over

the text in a general manner so please

again please focus your attention on

just the highlighted words that is to

say the words typed in red so you can

see robots robots it is repeated many

times so I think now we have the idea of

the device it is mentioned here in this

paragraph next

this is a paragraph three same thing

please just focus on the highlighted

words in the text at least to say again

words written in red ink robots robots

okay now it is the next paragraph please

again focus your attention on the

highlighted words it says hybrid

vehicles hybrid vehicles hybrid vehicles

so this device is mentioned three times

in this paragraph next same procedure

please same strategy we are not reading

the text for details we just surveying

it that is to say having a general look

at a text so the first expression

fluorescent lightbulb it is it is

mentioned again fluorescent lightbulb

next please use the same strategy are

the same procedure that is to say while

surveying the text just focus on the

highlighted words in a text either

underlined or written in a different

color here we have fiber optics okay now

let's see if you could find all the

other devices the first one of course is

the Internet the internet second device

cellular phones cellular phones next

robots robots

hybrid vehicles hybrid vehicles okay

fluorescent light bulb fluorescent

lightbulb and next one fiber optics

fiber optics so these are all the

devices that are mentioned in the text

whose title is breakthroughs in size now

let's move on to the second reading task

it says reading task number two it says

read paragraphs one and two and answer

these questions so we're going to read

by graph one and two I'm going to give

you our two questions and then you're

going to focus our on these paragraphs

to find answers for these two questions

now here are questions number one

according to the writer what can people

use the internet and cellular phones for

okay number two two practical functions

of robots are cited by the writer

what are they okay two practical

functions of robots are cited in the

text by the writer

what are they now let's read first

paragraph Science and Technology has

given man so much convenience and luxury

in life in our modern world gone are

those days when we had to commute and to

do the exhausting routines of applying

for jobs with the progress the world has

made with the internet anyone can apply

for a job while sitting in the comfort

of his own home sipping coffee

moreover cellular phones have made

communication easier for people on the

go

a bar graph - in fact the idea of

Roberts has actually come into practical

existence in our modern world these

robots can recognize objects by color by

processing information from a camera

mounted on Roberts head in manufacturing

robots can build some things faster and

cheaper than human hands it is quite

disconcerting though to think that

Roberts might in the future control

humans so we've read by graph 1 & 2 in

order to answer two questions right so

let's let's have a collection so the

first answer is people can use the

internet to apply for job while sitting

in the comfort of their homes they can

use cellular phones to communicate

easily so remember the question was what

can people use the internet and the cell

phones for here is the answer people can

use the internet to apply for a job

while sitting in the comfort of their

homes they can use cellular phones to

communicate easily now it is the answer

for question two robots can recognize

objects by color this is the first

function second function in

manufacturing they can build some things

faster and cheaper than human hands okay

the author has mentioned two practical

functions for Roberts now here they are

robots can recognize objects by color

and in manufacturing they can build some

things faster and cheaper than a human

hands now we come to reading task number

three

now the task says read paragraphs four

five and six and complete each sentence

with one word

right I'll give you a set of sentences

now we're going to read paragraphs four

and five and six and then you're going

to pick up a particular word from each

paragraph to complete these sentences

this is sentence number one hybrid

vehicles use power sources hybrid

vehicles use power sources you need to

put in there one word okay sentence two

Ora

yes sentence two fluorescent lightbulbs

are successful conservation devices

low-flow toilets and showerheads our

conservation devices number three

fiber optics transmit data more than

cables right we're going to read

paragraphs and then you focus our

attention on particular words to pick up

in order to fill in these four blanks

okay so let's release paragraph sorry

okay hybrid vehicles higher fuel prices

sparked more interest in alternative

fuel vehicles and so far hybrid vehicles

carry the most favored with a growing

number of consumers willing to pay more

for their cars to save money on fuel

hybrid vehicles are those that use at

least two power sources typically

gasoline and electricity fluorescent

light bulb as low-tech as it may seem

the compact fluorescent light bulb is

doing a great deal to revolutionize

quality of life it is one of the most

successful energy and water conservation

devices developed to date others include

low-flow toilets and showerheads

okay fiber optics advances in fiber

optics very thin strands

of glass that transmit light and data

much more efficiently than wires and

cables not only improved the quality of

voices transmitted over phone lines but

also made high volume phone traffic

possible could you remember now we have

to pick up special words in order to

complete these three sentences okay

these are these are senses again hi

vehicles use power sources fluorescent

lightbulbs are successful conservation

devices low-flow toilets and showerheads

our conservation devices and number

three fiber optics transmit data more

than cables can you correct yes hybrid

vehicles use two power sources do you

remember them gasoline and electricity

next yes fluorescent lightbulb are

successful energy conservation devices

the next one is of course water low-flow

toilets and showerheads

are water conservation devices the last

one yes fiber optics transmit data more

efficiently than cables let's read them

again hybrid vehicles use two power

sources fluorescent lightbulbs are

successful energy conservation devices

low-flow toilets and shower heads are

water conservation devices fiber optics

transmit data more efficiently than

cables now we come to task number four

it says inferring the writer's attitude

all right the writer expresses his

attitude towards Robert

this statement of course the writer has

an attitude vis a vie Roberts here he

says it is quite disconcerting though to

think that Roberts might in future

control humans now as I said the writer

expresses his attitude vis a vie right

by saying this sentence now as you can

see the key word here is the adjective

disconcerting

now disconcerting means means

embarrassing

it also means disturbing it means

upsetting and it means fear inspiring

these are among the four meanings of the

adjective disconcerting through which

the other the writer expresses his

attitude towards Robert now as you can

see all these adjectives have quite a

negative connotation so do you think the

writer is in favor of Roberts control

over humans or the writer is against the

idea of Roberts control over humans

right so is he in favor or against the

idea of one day Robert control and

manipulate human beings right okay the

answer is the writer is against the idea

of Robert control over humans so as you

can see task number four we had to see

to infer the writers attitude towards

Robert by reading a statement in which

he says it's quite disconcerting that

one day our robots might control human

beings so we found out that the writer

is against the idea of Roberts control

over humans so ah it was a

pleasure for me to give you this lesson

I'd like to thank you very much and have

and I hope to be able to see you soon so

bye-bye

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