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January 2020

okay let's go now the topic of today's

lesson is advances in science and

technology so what is technology here

are some definitions technology is the

application of knowledge towards

innovation second definition technology

is the practical application of

knowledge in a particular area next

technology is a consequence of Science

and Technology and engineering a

consequence meaning a result okay

technology is how people modify the

natural world to suit their own purposes

the verb modify means change or readjust

okay here are examples of innovations

that have affected modern man's life now

see how many of them you can identify

and name first innovation next okay

third innovation so see if you can

identify and name these innovations next

one here is one more and innovation five

this is set one now let's move to set -

okay - okay next innovation alright see

if you can name and identify these

devices next next one

and the last one this is set to okay

let's check your answers set one okay

this is a cellular phone a cellular

phone next is a laptop computer a laptop

computer next one is a remote control I

removed control this is a satellite dish

a satellite dish next this is a

satellite TV receiver a satellite TV

receiver next one of course this is the

internet the internet set to this is an

electronic microscope and electronic

microscope next one this is a

communication satellite a communication

satellite next this is a Space Shuttle

Space Shuttle hmm yes this is a robot a

robot a robot good this is a highway a

highway next is our fiber optics fiber

optics okay this is reading text the

title is technological breakthroughs

create the title of the reading taxis

technological breakthroughs breakthrough

means our development or achievement or

a special performance in science and

technology and this is the text please

just look just look at the text this is

the first paragraph this is

second paragraph of the text this is

paragraph three paragraph four paragraph

five and paragraph six now as you can

see it is a six paragraph text now for

the moment we're going to to focus on

the first reading task that's reading

task number one it says survey the text

and write down the names of the

technological devices that are mentioned

in it now going to look over the text in

a general way meaning survey the text

and your the task is to name the devices

that are mentioned in this text okay so

let's look at first paragraph again the

reading text the title is technological

breakthroughs now here is the first

paragraph so please don't read the whole

paragraph just look at the highlighted

words in it in the paragraph that is to

say have a look at the words typed in

red okay first one is the Internet and

the next expression is cellular phones

remember you're going to name are the

devices that are mentioned in this text

so far for the first paragraph now

second paragraph again please we're just

surveying the text we're not reading the

text in detail we're just looking over

the text in a general manner so please

again please focus your attention on

just the highlighted words that is to

say the words typed in red so you can

see robots robots it is repeated many

times so I think now we have the idea of

the device it is mentioned here in this

paragraph next

this is a paragraph three same thing

please just focus on the highlighted

words in the text at least to say again

words written in red ink robots robots

okay now it is the next paragraph please

again focus your attention on the

highlighted words it says hybrid

vehicles hybrid vehicles hybrid vehicles

so this device is mentioned three times

in this paragraph next same procedure

please same strategy we are not reading

the text for details we just surveying

it that is to say having a general look

at a text so the first expression

fluorescent lightbulb it is it is

mentioned again fluorescent lightbulb

next please use the same strategy are

the same procedure that is to say while

surveying the text just focus on the

highlighted words in a text either

underlined or written in a different

color here we have fiber optics okay now

let's see if you could find all the

other devices the first one of course is

the Internet the internet second device

cellular phones cellular phones next

robots robots

hybrid vehicles hybrid vehicles okay

fluorescent light bulb fluorescent

lightbulb and next one fiber optics

fiber optics so these are all the

devices that are mentioned in the text

whose title is breakthroughs in size now

let's move on to the second reading task

it says reading task number two it says

read paragraphs one and two and answer

these questions so we're going to read

by graph one and two I'm going to give

you our two questions and then you're

going to focus our on these paragraphs

to find answers for these two questions

now here are questions number one

according to the writer what can people

use the internet and cellular phones for

okay number two two practical functions

of robots are cited by the writer

what are they okay two practical

functions of robots are cited in the

text by the writer

what are they now let's read first

paragraph Science and Technology has

given man so much convenience and luxury

in life in our modern world gone are

those days when we had to commute and to

do the exhausting routines of applying

for jobs with the progress the world has

made with the internet anyone can apply

for a job while sitting in the comfort

of his own home sipping coffee

moreover cellular phones have made

communication easier for people on the


a bar graph - in fact the idea of

Roberts has actually come into practical

existence in our modern world these

robots can recognize objects by color by

processing information from a camera

mounted on Roberts head in manufacturing

robots can build some things faster and

cheaper than human hands it is quite

disconcerting though to think that

Roberts might in the future control

humans so we've read by graph 1 & 2 in

order to answer two questions right so

let's let's have a collection so the

first answer is people can use the

internet to apply for job while sitting

in the comfort of their homes they can

use cellular phones to communicate

easily so remember the question was what

can people use the internet and the cell

phones for here is the answer people can

use the internet to apply for a job

while sitting in the comfort of their

homes they can use cellular phones to

communicate easily now it is the answer

for question two robots can recognize

objects by color this is the first

function second function in

manufacturing they can build some things

faster and cheaper than human hands okay

the author has mentioned two practical

functions for Roberts now here they are

robots can recognize objects by color

and in manufacturing they can build some

things faster and cheaper than a human

hands now we come to reading task number


now the task says read paragraphs four

five and six and complete each sentence

with one word

right I'll give you a set of sentences

now we're going to read paragraphs four

and five and six and then you're going

to pick up a particular word from each

paragraph to complete these sentences

this is sentence number one hybrid

vehicles use power sources hybrid

vehicles use power sources you need to

put in there one word okay sentence two


yes sentence two fluorescent lightbulbs

are successful conservation devices

low-flow toilets and showerheads our

conservation devices number three

fiber optics transmit data more than

cables right we're going to read

paragraphs and then you focus our

attention on particular words to pick up

in order to fill in these four blanks

okay so let's release paragraph sorry

okay hybrid vehicles higher fuel prices

sparked more interest in alternative

fuel vehicles and so far hybrid vehicles

carry the most favored with a growing

number of consumers willing to pay more

for their cars to save money on fuel

hybrid vehicles are those that use at

least two power sources typically

gasoline and electricity fluorescent

light bulb as low-tech as it may seem

the compact fluorescent light bulb is

doing a great deal to revolutionize

quality of life it is one of the most

successful energy and water conservation

devices developed to date others include

low-flow toilets and showerheads

okay fiber optics advances in fiber

optics very thin strands

of glass that transmit light and data

much more efficiently than wires and

cables not only improved the quality of

voices transmitted over phone lines but

also made high volume phone traffic

possible could you remember now we have

to pick up special words in order to

complete these three sentences okay

these are these are senses again hi

vehicles use power sources fluorescent

lightbulbs are successful conservation

devices low-flow toilets and showerheads

our conservation devices and number

three fiber optics transmit data more

than cables can you correct yes hybrid

vehicles use two power sources do you

remember them gasoline and electricity

next yes fluorescent lightbulb are

successful energy conservation devices

the next one is of course water low-flow

toilets and showerheads

are water conservation devices the last

one yes fiber optics transmit data more

efficiently than cables let's read them

again hybrid vehicles use two power

sources fluorescent lightbulbs are

successful energy conservation devices

low-flow toilets and shower heads are

water conservation devices fiber optics

transmit data more efficiently than

cables now we come to task number four

it says inferring the writer's attitude

all right the writer expresses his

attitude towards Robert

this statement of course the writer has

an attitude vis a vie Roberts here he

says it is quite disconcerting though to

think that Roberts might in future

control humans now as I said the writer

expresses his attitude vis a vie right

by saying this sentence now as you can

see the key word here is the adjective


now disconcerting means means


it also means disturbing it means

upsetting and it means fear inspiring

these are among the four meanings of the

adjective disconcerting through which

the other the writer expresses his

attitude towards Robert now as you can

see all these adjectives have quite a

negative connotation so do you think the

writer is in favor of Roberts control

over humans or the writer is against the

idea of Roberts control over humans

right so is he in favor or against the

idea of one day Robert control and

manipulate human beings right okay the

answer is the writer is against the idea

of Robert control over humans so as you

can see task number four we had to see

to infer the writers attitude towards

Robert by reading a statement in which

he says it's quite disconcerting that

one day our robots might control human

beings so we found out that the writer

is against the idea of Roberts control

over humans so ah it was a

pleasure for me to give you this lesson

I'd like to thank you very much and have

and I hope to be able to see you soon so


NVIDIA is revolutionizing the world by there super powerful Graphics Technology. In the field of new Graphics innovations, this company is the winner of the game. CUDA Cores are one of the great inventions by NVIDIA(The leading company in Graphics Technology).

Now please pay special attention to this one-

CUDA stands for compute unified device architecture.

It is the term dubbed by Nvidia that mirrors to extent stream processors on the AMD side. In essence, both describe exactly what they do:- "Compute and Stream graphical data."


Short History of  CUDA cores-

Now, if you go back and think about where we started-

The GTC's first year was 2009. They introduced Tesla. They invented CUDA in the year 2007.

I think that the GPU many of you guys will probably still remember the GeForce 8800 GTX.

8800 is potentially one of the most important GPUs ever created, and it was a sacrifice they made early on.

It put CUDA on every single GPU long before people found value at the value in it by making it available on every single GPU.

From desktops to laptops to supercomputers to data centers and now in mobile devices and now in your cars.


By putting CUDA in every single GPU, they make it as easy as possible for us to develop and to deploy our software.

But there's much more to it than that as we'll discuss here shortly.

Also, Read-

1. What is Windows?
2. What is Wi-Fi?

First off let's address a common misconception about NVIDIA CUDA -

"An Nvidia graphics card with a higher number of CUDA cores than another must be more powerful."

........This is only true to the extent that the extent being cards within the same family.

For instance, the GTX 960 packs 1,024 maxwell cuda cores, while the more powerful GTX 970 contains 1664 of them.

The 970 is more powerful, and both are based on the same architecture, so this makes sense.

VRAM availability and clock speed also play a role here, but for the most part, core counts within the same family will indicate relative GPU strength.

The same generalization can be made for stream processors and AMD GPU labs, by the way.

What about different architectures?-

So what about across different architectures say from Maxwell to Pascal. Here things get dicey!

The 980Ti one of Maxwell's biggest and worst contains twenty-eight hundred and sixteen(2816) NVIDIA CUDA cores, while the Pascal 1080 features only two thousand five hundred and sixty(2560) of them.

However, thanks to narrower fin arrays of Pascal transistors and a much more compact profile overall, the Kennedy is the clear winner.

When it comes to gaming performance, there are advantages to having more physical cores such as video rendering.

But these can be eliminated with simple overclocks and Driver optimizations.

Now when I wrote a compact profile, I was referring to the fabrication node.

Pascal features 16-nanometer architecture meaning that individual features within each Pascal die can be precisely defined to within 16 nanometers.

More on that in an upcoming into

Maxwell architecture, by contrast, is based on a 28-nanometer fabrication.

So by principle of design, theoretically, more transistors can be packed in each cuda core within Pascal GPUs.

.....This plays a substantial role in single-core performance GPU die size and overall power consumption, all three of which go hand in hand.

You see, when it comes to single-core performance, it's undeniable individual Pascal cores are more efficient and more powerful than their Maxwell counterparts.

But while this would normally be thanks to the increased number of transistors per CUDA core, which is actually not the case for the 1080 compared to the 980Ti.

In the case of what you're about to see, this comes down to purely clock speed and GPU dies size.

Let's break down a 980Ti and a 1080. The 980Ti contains 8.1 billion transistors with two thousand eight hundred and sixteen cores.

The 1080 contains 7.2 billion transistors with 2560 cores.


Assuming a uniform distribution of transistors per core. We get into some heavy technical topics if we assume anything else.

....This puts the Ti at roughly 2 million 876 thousand 420(2,876,420) transistors per core and the 1080 at two million eight hundred and twelve thousand five hundred(2,812,500) transistors per cuda core.

Now at this point, if you just blindly judge the two cards in question based on the numbers you just read, I wouldn't really blame you, but you would be incorrect(cute GPU frequencies).

Frequency Matters in CUDA-

The 980Ti can overclock up to around 1500 megahertz with a non-reference cool, but in MSI gold edition, overclocks to a stable 1531.

But a typical GTX 1080 can attain a stable 2,000 mega Hertz, and that's an easy 2000 to obtain 500 Meg's over the Ti.

So while transistor counts per core and per GPU might not be far apart.

Pascal transistors can attain higher overhead frequencies thanks to their reduced sizes.

Picture the transistors like Pistons in a car. Smaller pistons are lighter and typically travel shorter distances per stroke, meaning that our RPM, the equivalent of frequency, in this case, is generally higher.

Larger Pistons are heavier and usually travel larger distances from top dead center to bottom, resulting in reduced rotations per minute under full load.

It's why a 1.6 liter Formula one engine revs to well over 12,000 rpm while an eight-point four(8.4) liter Viper engine is limited to around six thousand.

The same principle, in theory, applies for transistors.

In general, smaller transistors consume less power and demand lower voltages overall, resulting in higher overclocking Headroom, and this is exactly what Nvidia Bank has done with their GP 104 lineup.

On paper o'clock at four o'clock, the 980Ti in 1080 are neck-and-neck. If we reduce the frequency up to 1080 in the core to that of the 980Ti, both cards will perform similarly omitting memory frequency differences between G5 and G5x.

However, thanks to a much smaller fabrication and significantly smaller GPU die overall. We're talking 314 square millimeters verse 601.

The 1080 crushes its current competition while conserving power and venturing into uncharted GPU frequency territory.

Architecture Lee had spoked in GTC that CUDA cores are grouped into chunks regarded as streaming multiprocessors.

These assume maximize throughput by organizing clusters of information into streams for the sake of parallel processing.

CUDA cores within each SM essentially divide instruction sets into even distributions of in the cases of Maxwell and Pascal, 128 and sixty-four, respectively.

Nvidia decided to reduce the number of CUDA cores in each streaming multiprocessor by half in an effort to increase the ability of Pascal GPUs to render and shade simultaneously,

And for those of you who are especially astute in this topic, this brings us awfully close to the issue of asynchronous computing again saved for another crash course.

My Final Words(Conclusion)-

However, what you need to know for now is that cuda has and likely will be the preferred architectural design for NVIDIA GPUs.

It has been since 2006 and based on the current trend. It's very unlikely that CUDA will ever fully support asynchronous compute at a hardware level, given this current configuration.

It just doesn't add up from what I'm seeing so far, and several articles agree with me here (Just Search them on Google).

It is clear that the invidious goal in reducing cores per SM was to increase throughput via greater registry access.

However, from the looks of things at this point, I have my doubts as to whether or not this current model trend will align with that of the gaming industry were aimed he has a clear edge in Vulkan and DirectX12 titles.

We will discuss them in some other article!

Thanks for learning with 

Well, the short answer for "What is Wi-Fi?" is that Wi-Fi stands for Wireless-Fidelity, which provides high-speed internet and network connections without any physical wire (Wirelessly).


But wait! my article says that "What is Wi-Fi? - Learn Everything From Scratch". So let's dig into its infinite depth from the beginning- 'Birth of Wi-Fi.'

Hello, recall the days when your web/internet was associated through the telephone line? Ugh, the sound of dial-up still frequents me in my rest.

… Well, we've made considerable progress since at that point, and the chances are that you're reading this article through Wi-Fi at the present time.

So how did we arrive at any rate? Simply bounce into my time machine, and I'll show ya!

Where Does Wi-Fi come from? (History and Birth)

The underlying foundations of Wi-Fi go path back to 1940-

That is the point at which a famous Hollywood entertainer, what's more, an innovator by the name of 'Hedy Lamarr', came up with an approach to prevent radio signals from being altered.

That was quite a significant objective since, in those days, radio-controlled torpedoes could easily be intercepted and change their course, which meant an enormous fail for the Navy submarines.

Therefore, she thought of the great idea of frequency-hopping signals, where people who controlled them could hop from one frequency to the next and make those torpedoes practically resistant to radio interference.


Presently get your twofold sew jacket and how about we quick forward to the 1980s-

This was when PCs had started to enter our lives for good. Bt at that time, PCs were connected to the web(internet) through the infamous Ethernet wires/cables/links.

It appears to me like scientists were getting tired of stumbling over each one of those wires or cables since they wanted to begin sending information(data) utilizing radio signals.

But sadly, those early experiments were ineffective since everything bounced back on walls, furniture, and essentially anything that remained in a PC's way.

What scientists didn't know at the time was that the issue had been solved 10 years before PCs were even invented!

Everything began, harking back to the 1970s-

with electrical engineer Dr. John O'Sullivan, a.k.a. "the father of Wi-Fi." At the time, he and his group were attempting to recognize radio signals from far off dark openings(black holes) in space, and they came up with complex equations called Fast Fourier Transforms.

Sadly, they proved unable to detect those black holes, and they put all their gear back on the racks to sit also, gather dust.

Surprisingly, after twenty years, Dr. O'Sullivan furthermore, his associates chose to give wireless networking a chance, and those forgotten complex equations would play a key job in the invention of Wi-Fi.

After a great deal of experimentation, they took their fancy Fast Fourier transforms, included them in the blend with the data equations they'd previously attempted to send over the radio.

And in this way, they shaped the basis for the Wi-Fi we all know and use today!

But, again, that was only the basis of Wi-Fi.

Afterward, in 1996, they further developed their original key patent, and by 1997 they, at last, broke the code and came up with the first version of the 802.11 protocol.

Gracious, well, perhaps you didn't get what I was stating among all that numeric jibber jabber.

What is Wi-Fi exactly?

Alright, so how about we talk about the name you're more familiar with: Wi-Fi. What does it mean anyway?


Wi-Fi is short for Wireless-Fidelity, but wait......, how? And why? just follow my words below to know the answers-

Here's the secret the naming circumstance went down-

Since their first protocol, the Wi-Fi Alliance wanted to concoct a catchier name than 802.11 protocol (smart thought!), so they contracted some market-astute persons to assist them with that.

"Wi-Fi" was born! Wi-fi is a pun for the word Hi-Fi, which signifies "High-Fidelity."

– a technical term used for high-quality sound technology. Let's envision walking into a cafe and asking the staff for the secret key to the "IEEE 802.11"!

Also, Read- 

1. What is Windows?
2. What are CUDA Cores?

How does Wi-Fi work?

How Wi-Fi work is a little broad topic. Anywho, since we've secured all these decades and how we got where we are today, we should investigate how Wi-Fi truly functions.

And I will explain it in the simplest way by touching some daily life examples. Just follow my words-

You definitely know that wireless internet helps you send and get files,
pictures, messages, and so forth, yet did you know that this is all through radio waves? (Hello, remember about Hedy Lamarr and Dr. O'Sullivan – I disclosed to all of you that stuff for an explanation!)

Yes, Wi-Fi uses radio waves to transmit information/data between your switch(ROUTER-which is your Wi-Fi source) and your gadget (or the "Collector” OR Receiver).

These frequencies are measured in Gigahertz. To put all the sciencey stuff behind that in laymen's terms,

envision this:-

You're sitting on the beach and enjoying the sun and watching the waves crash with the shore.

If you somehow happened to calculate the time between each wave-crash, you'd be calculating the frequency of the wave.

Let's assume that the time it takes for each wave to hit the shore is one second, that second is calculated by hertz, as such, 1 Hertz = 1 second. Presently, 1 Gigahertz is equal to 1 BILLION waves per second.

If you could see that many sea waves moving so quick, at that point, you may wanna hurry outta there and head for the hills!

So, the frequencies Wi-Fi routers use are 2.4 or 5 Gigahertz per second, which is the reason information(or data) gets moved so rapidly to your Smartphone or Computer.

With regards to speed, the 5 Gigahertz frequency sends data quicker over shorter separations, while the 2.4 Gigahertz router covers more distance however goes slower.

You also keep in mind the interference from different gadgets in our homes that also utilize the 2.4 Gigahertz radio frequencies.

For example, if you have baby monitors, garage doors, microwaves, cordless phones, and remote cameras, they can interfere with your Wi-Fi. What's more, this kind of interference can diminish the speed, or you may lose your internet connection altogether!

Oh goodness! Hold off before you microwave some popcorn while gorging on my website!

Although, the latter 5 Gigahertz wireless frequency has 23 channels accessible to send all your data. Thus it doesn't let any of those home gadgets cause network issues.

When you turn your telephone or PC on and jump on the internet, all the information/data you would like to get to is separated into binary code.

You've probably known about this PC language made up of 0s and 1s.

And when you access through Wi-Fi, at that point, that binary code is changed into wave frequencies.


In case you're attempting to envision how this procedure works exactly, consider it this way. Envision you're just trying to send a picture you took on your birthday to your closest Friend for fun.

When you hit "send," the photograph is separated into littler pixels or Parcels or packets and travels around various routers until it arrives at your Friend.

These Parcels or packets are immediately reassembled like a riddle, and your Friend can finally see the photograph (and laugh accordingly).

All that happens with pretty much anything you try to send, be it recordings, videos, even voices or Animations/Graphics.

In this way, Wi-Fi works, and we can send any information through it.

Is Wi-Fi Dangerous or Harmful to our Health?

Do you ever think about what it'd resemble if we could see all these radio frequencies swirling around the room? I imagine myself sitting comfortably on the bed watching cat videos.

– I mean, completing some work, obviously!

– and suddenly, all these waves become visible, and I can see everything.

 I see the little parcels/bundles of information going from my switch(router) to my Smartphone, each one of those pixels and vivid frequencies floating through the air.

Everything would be going around me like a long exposure photograph in slow motion, kinda like a little rainbow storm right in my living room!

Now, I know what you're thinking. (OK, maybe I don't, but I can take a guess.) In case we're really surrounded by all these radio waves, what does it do to our Body and Health? Is Wi-Fi harmful or any kind of Dangerous For Our Health?

Well, the short answer is No.


Wi-Fi works at very low voltages. Even at short separations, Wi-Fi is simply part of the household "smog" that is generated by television and radio signals.

Wi-Fi uses non-ionizing wavelengths of radiation that are not harmful to the human body.

The sun, on the other hand, uses ionizing radiation wavelengths (or Ultraviolet rays) that aren't so good for human skins. It is more harmful to your body to go outside than it is if you simply sit next to your Wi-Fi router.

Think I'll keep myself planted on the bed then! and to relax your mind more,
according to the World Health Organisation(WHO), there is no experimental proof to confirm that exposure to low levels of electromagnetic fields has any negative effects on our wellbeing(Health).

Why Do Signals lose at Certain Places?

Alright, Now lets we talk about why your Wi-Fi signal drops in some spots around your home.


Wi-Fi works just like light or sound. The further you are away from the router or Wi-Fi Device, the fewer signals you get.

An ordinary Wi-Fi Router works at around 100 feet in every direction.

Concerning what can temper it, that is anything that needed electric power, like metal, water, mirrors, and even our bodies since they chiefly comprise of water.

For example, If you stand/sit between your Wi-Fi Router and your Gadget(Maybe a Smartphone or a PC), you may see a signal drop sometimes.

Even thick brick balls and concrete(cement) can interfere with the signal – you just probably won't take notice of the difference since it's tiny, another highly technical scientific measurement. Just littler than a "tad."

And there ya have it, folks! Now you know somewhat more about the Wi-Fi you spend a long time on every day, maybe you'll value it substantially more!

 …Especially if you were during the dark days of dial-up – regardless, I feel extremely lucky each time I jump online inside a small amount of a second!

Anyway, would you say you are as dependent on Wi-Fi as I am?

Tell me down in the comment box! If you learned something new today about What is Wi-Fi?.

Hello! Dear friends, you are most welcome to this website!. This is a post on "WHAT IS WINDOWS?" or "WHAT IS WINDOWS OS?".

In this post, you will laugh a bit, smile a little, you are entertained, and you will get the knowledge more than that. So let's start learning with great fun. 👇👇👇

An image of the Windows 10 Pro starting page.


Once upon a time, I asked this question to the 3 children who did not go to school -

To 5 year's old boy - "What is OS?".
His Ans - "Orange Soup."
My reaction - 😂😂 "Children's brains go on eating things mostly."

To 10 years old boy - "What is Windows?".
His Ans - "The windows are small doors through which thieves enter our homes."
My reaction - 😜😜 "You will surely become a cop by growing up."

To 18 year's old boy - "What is Windows?".
His Ans - "The windows are those from which I peer my girlfriend."
My reaction - "Inside you is Romeo's soul." 😜😜.

That is why people say that it is necessary to go to school. So dear friends that were just for fun (LOL). So let's discuss the actual topic -

Windows is an Operating System that has been developed by 
Microsoft Company.

Now those who do not know what operating systems are, let me tell them that they are nothing else but just the big software or set of programs that operate other small software and control the hardware and also they are controlled by the hardware.

There are many operating systems in the world that have been developed by different companies. Some of them, which are widely used in the world, are -

Also, Read-


In this operating system, different programs can be run in different windows; that's why it is called so. In simple words, we can say that here Windows means multitasking.

Showing many programs running in different windows.

This is a GUI(Graphical User Interface) based program or operating system.

This makes our work very easy, and we do not have to memorize the coding because the entire interface is based on graphics.

In very past days, if we had to open a program, then we had to open it by writing codes, but with the help of  GUI by only one Click, we can open or close any program.


Microsoft Windows was first announced by Bill Gates on 10 November 1983, but this was not available commercially in the market.

Microsoft had upgraded its operating system MS-DOS to Windows Operating System. It was the command-based OS that needed to remember all the commands to run, causing the people to have trouble running it. 

Then Bill Gates and his team planned to create an OS in which people do not need to remember commands, and the result was this excellent OS, which is nowadays the world's leading symbol.

In this way, Microsoft company first introduced Windows version 1.0 on 20 November 1985. This was a commercial release for all. It was a very great upgrade to MS-DOS.

The version 1.0 was based on MS-DOS commands, but it was a GUI (Graphical User Interface) based program in which the users did not need to remember the commands

This OS provided click and move functionalities to run the programs which were easy to apply. 

This was the first stairway of their company's progression, and later Microsoft developed so many versions, and people loved them by using. 

See the image below (chart) to know about Windows OS Version history. 👇👇👇

Microsoft Windows Versions History | Source -


In Computer Operating SystemsWindows is the most used operating system in the world.

The worldwide market share of this operating system in computer operating systems is 87.47 percent, which is a huge number.

It is presented below a chart of the most used OS' and their worldwide market shares in the world

Computer OS global stats chart (June 2019 Report).

Some reasons why it is used mostly in the world -

  1. It has a very simple and clear user interface, which is based on Graphics (GUI).
  2. This OS is very easy to use and repair.
  3. Their License and support are for a lifetime while the version not shut down.
  4. They provide software and security updates regularly.
  5. Huge numbers of supporters and developers are available.     
  6. Microsoft provides other packages in/with the windows like MS-OFFICE, MS-EXCEL, MS-POWERPOINT, etc. which are very, very useful, and best in the world.
  7. Their support team's work is outstanding.
  8. They provide various versions for individuals, organizations, companies, schools, developers, etc. and in this way, they have covered all the categories.

Some reasons why it is not good -

  1. Due to having the most users in the world, its piracy is also the highest.
  2. It's easy to hack because so much pirated Windows are there in use, and these OS have some security issues always.
  3. Its price is high.
  4. This OS becomes slower with time.
  5. They have some bugs always.  


In this post, you learned that What is Windows or Windows OS?Why this is called so?What is the History of it?, how this OS came into existence?.

You also learned why this OS is so popular and what is wrong with it.

So I hope you have liked the little information given in this post.

So please don't be lazy to share with your friends. Just share this post now and let them also know about this awesome topi.

And also, if you have any suggestions or questions in your mind, just feel free, my dear friend, and make comments below, I will respond to you in a very short time.

Let me know -

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By Satya Gupta


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